Big List of Peabody-Type (PDMS) Goals for Fine Motor Skills in Pediatric Occupational Therapy

General Fine Motor Skills Goals

  • Client will grasp and hold small objects such as a rattle, cloth, or cube while lying on their back.
  • Client will engage in mutual touching with fingers for a specified duration while lying on their back.
  • Client will develop a pincer grasp by picking up a Cheerio using the thumb and first two fingers while sitting.
  • Client will improve hand-eye coordination by banging two cubes together horizontally and at midline.
  • Client will enhance fine motor skills by transferring objects from one hand to another while sitting.
  • Client will refine grasp techniques, including an inferior pincer grasp for Cheerios and a power grasp for crayons.
  • Client will develop dexterity by crumpling paper, turning wrists upward to expose cubes, and unwrapping hidden objects.
  • Client will increase complexity by twisting a washcloth, making specific scribbles with different grasps, and removing bottle tops.
  • Client will enhance drawing skills with strokes, lines, circles, and intersecting lines within defined parameters.
  • Client will develop scissor skills by opening and closing them using the thumb and index finger.
  • Client will refine circle drawing, static quadruped grasp for crayons, and precision in overlapping shapes.
  • Client will improve fine motor control through tasks like tracing lines, placing objects in a bottle, and buttoning/unbuttoning.
  • Client will be introduced to more intricate tasks such as drawing complex shapes, patterns with string or lace, and using dynamic grasps.
  • Client will be challenged with finger dexterity tasks like tracing with minimal deviation, token placement, and finger-thumb coordination.
  • Client will be encouraged to express creativity and enhance writing skills by drawing people, writing the alphabet, and replicating figures.
  • Client will advance drawing skills by creating more complex shapes, including diagonals and straight lines.
  • Client will develop more advanced tasks such as drawing a diamond and performing tasks with eyes closed.
  • Client will grasp and hold smaller objects with increased precision, varying textures, and shapes.
  • Client will engage in prolonged mutual touching activities, promoting sensory exploration and tactile awareness.
  • Client will further refine the pincer grasp, demonstrating increased control and coordination with smaller objects.
  • Client will advance hand-eye coordination by manipulating objects in more complex patterns and orientations.
  • Client will continue to enhance fine motor skills through diverse activities involving different hand movements.
  • Client will master various grasp techniques, adapting to different objects, sizes, and textures.
  • Client will further develop dexterity through intricate tasks requiring precise finger movements and control.
  • Client will tackle tasks of increasing complexity, including more challenging manipulations and object interactions.
  • Client will refine drawing skills with more intricate strokes, patterns, and shapes, showcasing improved precision.
  • Client will continue to progress in scissor skills, demonstrating increased control and accuracy in cutting activities.
  • Client will master circle drawing, static quadruped grasp variations, and advanced precision in overlapping shapes.
  • Client will further improve fine motor control in tasks that demand increased accuracy and attention to detail.
  • Client will take on even more intricate tasks, involving complex shapes, patterns, and dynamic grasp variations.
  • Client will face heightened challenges in finger dexterity, with tasks requiring precise coordination and speed.
  • Client will explore creative expression and writing skills in more complex drawings, writing longer sentences, and replicating detailed figures.
  • Client will push the boundaries of drawing skills, creating more intricate shapes, dynamic compositions, and varied line styles.
  • Client will tackle advanced tasks such as drawing intricate patterns, performing complex actions with eyes closed, and demonstrating increased precision.

Peabody-Based Fine Motor Skills (Hand Manipulation)

1-5 months

  • While laying on their back, client will close their fingers to palm around therapist’s finger in a tight grasp with both hands.
  • While laying on their back, client will open and close their fingers to secure a cloth in their grasp.
  • While laying on their back, client will hold a rattle for 27 seconds or more.

6-10 Months

  • While laying on their back, client will engage their fingers in mutual touching with the therapist for 5 seconds or more.
  • While sitting, client will grasp a cube with their 4th and 5th fingers and palm.
  • While sitting, client will grasp a piece of paper by pulling it open with an open hand or wrinkling it.
  • While sitting, client will get a cube using a raking motion.
  • While sitting, client will grasp a Cheerio with their thumb and 1st and 2nd fingers.

11-15 months

  • While sitting, client will hold 2 cubes and bang them together horizontally and at midline.
  • While sitting, client will transfer 2 cubes, one cube to the other hand to pick up another one.
  • While sitting, client will grasp a cheerio using an inferior pincer grasp.

16-24 months

  • While sitting, client will crumble a piece of paper with 1 hand using their fingers and their palm facing downwards.
  • While sitting, client will grasp 2 cubes from a table and turn their wrist upward to expose them.
  • While sitting, client will grasp a crayon using a power grasp to make scribbles.
  • While sitting, client will grasp a crayon using a palmar supinate to make scribbles.
  • While sitting, client will unwrap a cube that is hidden inside a washcloth and grasp the cube.

25-33 months

  • While sitting, client will twist a washcloth using their hands in opposite directions.
  • While sitting, client will make at least 1 vertical scribble more than 2 inches long on paper.
  • While sitting, client will grasp a crayon using a pronated grasp to make scribbles.
  • While sitting, client will make at least 1 horizontal scribble more than 2 inches long on paper.
  • While sitting, client will make at least 1 scribble that shows at least 3/4 line that imitates a circle.
  • While sitting, client will remove a bottle top on their first try.

34-42 months

  • While sitting, client will make a stroke 2 inches or more from top to bottom within 20 degrees of the vertical plane on paper.
  • While sitting, client will draw a line down a piece of paper within 20 degrees of the vertical plane.
  • While sitting, clinet will make a stroke at least 2 inches long within 20 degrees of the horizontal plane.

43-51 months

  • While sitting, client will hold a pair of scissors and open it with their thumb and index finger of one hand.
  • While sitting, client will draw a circle that is not oval in shape.
  • While sitting, client will grasp a crayon using a static quadruped grasp.
  • While sitting, client will draw circles within 1/2 inches of each other.
  • While sitting, client will draw a line from corner to corner within 20 degrees of a diagonal line.
  • While sitting, client will draw 2 intersecting lines that are within 20 degrees of straight lines and cross within 20 degrees of the middle of the vertical line.
  • While sitting, client will trace on line without deviation more than 1/4 in.
  • While sitting, client will put 10 Cheerios in a bottle in 24 seconds or less.
  • While sitting, client will place 3 clothespins equidistant on a folded edge of paper.
  • While sitting, client will unbutton 3 buttons in 75 seconds or less.
  • While sitting, client will draw intersecting lines within 20 degrees of perpendicular and vary less than 1/4 in.
  • While sitting, client will draw a circles that overlap not more than 1/2 in.
  • While sitting, client will draw a square with each side approximately 3 in. long and touching at each corner.

52-61 months

  • While sitting, client will demonstrate an over-under-over-under pattern with a string or lace.
  • While sitting, client will grasp a crayon using a static tripod grasp to mark on paper.
  • While sitting, client will draw a square with lines straight and within 15 degrees of vertical and horizontal and corners closed.
  • While sitting, client will button and unbutton 1 button in 20 seconds or less.
  • While sitting, client will grasp a crayon using a dynamic quadruped grasp to mark on paper.

62-71 months

  • While sitting, client will trace a line that deviates no more than 1/4 in.
  • While sitting, client will place 20 plastic tokens in a rectangle within 15 seconds.
  • While sitting, client will touch each finger to thumb within 4 seconds.
  • While sitting, client will draw a triangle with 3 straight lines and the end points touching each other.
  • While sitting, client will touch each finger to thumb within 5 seconds and eyes closed.
  • While sitting, client will grasp a crayon using a dynamic tripod grasp to make marks.
  • While sitting, client will button and unbutton a strip of buttons in 60 seconds or less.
  • While sitting, client will draw a picture of a person including their body parts.
  • While sitting, client will write with a crayon the letters of the alphabet.
  • While sitting, client will draw a figure once an example of it is removed that includes diagonals and straight lines.
  • While sitting, client will draw a diamond with 4 lines touching at 4 points.

Bonus Fine Motor Skills Goals

  1. Client will grasp a crayon using a palmar supinate grasp.
  2. Client will transition to a dynamic tripod grasp when holding a crayon.
  3. Client will draw vertical lines using a static tripod grasp.
  4. Client will draw horizontal lines using a dynamic quadruped grasp.
  5. Client will draw circles with a static tripod grasp.
  6. Client will draw squares with each side approximately 3 inches long.
  7. Client will draw triangles with three straight lines and the endpoints touching each other.
  8. Client will draw circles that overlap not more than 1/2 inch.
  9. Client will write letters of the alphabet with appropriate letter formation.
  10. Client will copy simple words or their name with a crayon.
  11. Client will grasp and hold blocks of various sizes using a pincer grasp.
  12. Client will stack blocks to create a tower.
  13. Client will stack blocks vertically within 5 degrees of the vertical plane.
  14. Client will stack blocks horizontally within 5 degrees of the horizontal plane.
  15. Client will open and close scissors with thumb and index finger.
  16. Client will cut along straight lines with scissors.
  17. Client will cut out squares and triangles from paper using scissors.
  18. Client will cut along curved lines with increasing accuracy.
  19. Client will shake a rattle for 30 seconds or more.
  20. Client will transfer a rattle from one hand to the other.
  21. Client will pick up small objects (e.g., Cheerios) with a pincer grasp.
  22. Client will thread beads onto a string using a dynamic tripod grasp.
  23. Client will place small objects into designated containers with precision.
  24. Client will engage in finger painting activities with controlled hand movements.
  25. Client will complete simple puzzles with small pieces.
  26. Client will turn book pages one at a time with increasing precision.
  27. Client will use both hands to manipulate objects independently.
  28. Client will complete bilateral activities, such as clapping hands or banging objects together.
  29. Client will use a child-safe scissors to cut along lines.
  30. Client will use a crayon to draw within specific boundaries.
  31. Client will engage in squeezing activities using stress balls or putty.
  32. Client will participate in tearing paper into strips or small pieces.
  33. Client will point to and touch specific objects with individual fingers.
  34. Client will pick up small objects using only the thumb and index finger.
  35. Client will button and unbutton clothes independently.
  36. Client will practice tying shoelaces or using Velcro fasteners.
  37. Client will build structures using small building blocks.
  38. Client will thread a needle through fabric.
  39. Client will zip and unzip a zipper.
  40. Client will create a collage using various textured materials.
  41. Client will peel and stick stickers onto a surface.
  42. Client will assemble and disassemble simple mechanical toys.
  43. Client will use a spoon or fork to feed themselves independently.
  44. Client will type on a keyboard or use a touch screen device with increasing accuracy.
  45. Client will create patterns using small objects like beads or buttons.
  46. Client will engage in activities that promote finger isolation, such as playing the piano or typing.
  47. Client will learn to tie a knot.
  48. Client will create a scrapbook by cutting and pasting pictures.
  49. Client will use tweezers to pick up and place small objects.
  50. Client will engage in lacing and threading activities.
  51. Client will use a rolling pin to flatten and shape playdough.
  52. Client will practice using a glue stick to attach paper to other surfaces.
  53. Client will develop finger strength by squeezing a stress ball or therapeutic putty.
  54. Client will engage in precision activities, such as placing stickers inside outlined shapes.
  55. Client will sort objects based on color, shape, or size using tweezers or tongs.
  56. Client will manipulate buttons to practice fine motor coordination.
  57. Client will build structures with interlocking bricks, such as LEGO.
  58. Client will play board games that involve picking up and moving small pieces.
  59. Client will engage in activities that involve turning knobs or dials.
  60. Client will use a handheld hole puncher to create patterns on paper.
  61. Client will practice cutting on curved lines and zig-zag patterns.
  62. Client will trace over textured lines and shapes with their fingers.
  63. Client will engage in activities that involve squeezing a clothespin or chip clip.
  64. Client will use a rolling motion to shape clay or playdough into balls.
  65. Client will engage in weaving activities with yarn or ribbons.
  66. Client will practice folding paper along straight lines.
  67. Client will use a pipette or dropper to transfer liquid between containers.
  68. Client will engage in activities that involve twisting and turning lids on containers.
  69. Client will practice using chopsticks or tongs to pick up small objects.
  70. Client will engage in activities that involve tearing paper into strips.
  71. Client will play musical instruments that require finger coordination, like a xylophone.
  72. Client will engage in activities that involve pushing buttons on a remote control or toy.
  73. Client will develop finger strength by squeezing a stress ball or therapeutic putty.
  74. Client will engage in activities that involve placing coins into a piggy bank.
  75. Client will practice using a hole puncher to create holes in paper.
  76. Client will engage in activities that involve tying knots with strings or shoelaces.
  77. Client will use a handheld fan or blowing activities to promote finger strength.
  78. Client will engage in activities that involve using a handheld magnifying glass.
  79. Client will develop scissor skills by cutting out various shapes from paper.
  80. Client will engage in activities that involve rolling and manipulating clay into shapes.
  81. Client will practice using a computer mouse or touchpad for clicking and dragging.
  82. Client will engage in activities that involve picking up and moving small objects with tweezers.
  83. Client will use a handheld mirror to practice visually guided movements.
  84. Client will engage in activities that involve using a spray bottle to mist surfaces.
  85. Client will develop finger strength by squeezing a stress ball or therapeutic putty.
  86. Client will practice using a handheld pencil sharpener to sharpen pencils.
  87. Client will engage in activities that involve unscrewing and screwing lids on containers.
  88. Client will develop finger strength by crumpling and uncrumpling paper.
  89. Client will use a handheld timer, setting and manipulating small buttons.
  90. Client will engage in activities that involve using a handheld calculator with precision.
  91. Client will practice using a handheld stapler to staple papers together.
  92. Client will engage in activities that involve picking up and placing small beads onto strings.
  93. Client will develop finger strength by using a handheld squeezer or stress ball.
  94. Client will use a handheld brush or comb to brush their own hair.
  95. Client will engage in activities that involve threading shoelaces through holes.
  96. Client will practice using a handheld eraser to erase pencil marks with control.
  97. Client will engage in activities that involve using a handheld rolling pin for baking or playdough.
  98. Client will develop finger strength by using a handheld eggbeater or rotary beater.
  99. Client will use a handheld magnifying glass to explore and examine small objects.
  100. Client will engage in activities that involve using a handheld air pump to inflate small objects.