Keep Things Simple
- Breaking tasks down into smaller, manageable parts. This can make the task less overwhelming and increase the client’s sense of accomplishment.
- Making modifications to make tasks easier and more efficient.
- Providing clear and simple instructions for tasks.
- Using a step-by-step approach to teaching new skills.
- Encouraging the client to take an active role in their therapy and to set their own goals.
- Using a positive and encouraging approach to encourage the client to participate and to persevere through challenges.
- Providing feedback and reinforcement for progress.
- Keeping in mind the client’s cultural and personal background and adapting the therapy accordingly.
- Continuously assessing the client’s progress and adjusting the therapy plan as needed.
- Setting clear and measurable goals: Identifying specific goals for the client and breaking them down into smaller, manageable tasks can help to provide a clear path for progress.
- Creating a schedule or routine: Establishing a consistent schedule or routine can help to provide a sense of structure and predictability, which can be particularly beneficial for clients with cognitive or mental health difficulties.
- Using visual aids: Visual aids such as pictures, diagrams, and schedules can be helpful for providing structure and for teaching new skills.
- Using activity analysis: Breaking down a task into smaller steps and teaching them in a logical order can help the client to learn new skills more effectively.
- Using positive reinforcement: Providing positive feedback and rewards for progress can help to encourage the client to continue working towards their goals, e.g., praise.
- Providing feedback: Giving regular feedback and coaching can help the client to stay on track and make progress.
- Encouraging independence: Gradually increasing the level of independence and responsibility can help the client to develop their skills and self-confidence for community re-integration.
- Providing support: Providing support and guidance when needed can help the client to overcome any obstacles and to continue working towards their goals.
Food and Drinks as Therapy
- Provide this to meet the needs of the client using snacks, foods, and beverages.
- Be aware of diet restrictions.
- Be aware that some items such as utensils may be used as weapons or for suicide.
- Meal preparation activities canprovide a sense of accomplishment, and can also provide an opportunity to socialize with friends and family.
- Food-related activities, e.g., gardening
- Nutrition education: educating the client about healthy eating and the importance of good nutrition can help them to make informed choices and improve their overall health and well-being.
- Social skills: eating together as a group can help to promote social skills and a sense of belonging and community.
Relaxing Music as Therapy
- Creating a calming environment: Playing relaxing music in the background can help to create a calming and soothing environment, which can be particularly beneficial for clients with anxiety, stress or insomnia.
- Relaxation techniques: Incorporating music into relaxation techniques such as deep breathing and progressive muscle relaxation can help to enhance the effectiveness of these techniques.
- Improving mood: Listening to relaxing music can help to improve mood and reduce feelings of anxiety and depression.
- Enhancing cognitive function: Research has shown that listening to relaxing music can improve cognitive function, such as memory and concentration.
- Improving sleep: Playing relaxing music before bed can help to improve sleep quality and reduce insomnia.
- Encouraging movement and exercise: Incorporating relaxing music into movement and exercise routines can help to make these activities more enjoyable and increase participation.
- Enhancing socialization: Playing relaxing music during group activities can help to promote socialization and a sense of connection among participants.
- Improving communication: Incorporating music into communication therapy can help to improve the client’s ability to express themselves and to understand others.
- Encouraging self-expression: Using music as a tool for self-expression can be beneficial for clients with emotional and behavioral issues.
- Adapting to the person’s preferences: It’s important to take into account the person’s preferences and to use music that they enjoy, as this will increase the effectiveness of the therapy.
Keep it Short
- We aren’t aiming for a clinical hour, e.g, 50 minutes, which is likely too long in the beginning for clients.
- Allow rest breaks and the freedom to come and leave as needed.
- Use breathing and other meditative techniques throughout the session to help regulate the client.
- Keep it positive.
- Make the environment comfortable.
- Use sensory approaches.Yakov, S., Birur, B., Bearden, M. F., Aguilar, B., Ghelani, K. J., & Fargason, R. E. (2018). Sensory reduction on the general milieu of a High-Acuity inpatient psychiatric unit to prevent use of … Reference List
- Promote emotional regulation.
- Practice and teach coping and relaxation skills.
|↑1||Yakov, S., Birur, B., Bearden, M. F., Aguilar, B., Ghelani, K. J., & Fargason, R. E. (2018). Sensory reduction on the general milieu of a High-Acuity inpatient psychiatric unit to prevent use of physical restraints: a successful open quality improvement trial. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 24(2), 133-144.|