Is it a Headache or a Migraine?

What is the difference between a headache and a migraine?

Headaches

  • Mild, dull pressure
  • Sensations mainly felt throughout the forehead or scalp

Migraines

  • Intense pulsing, throbbing
  • Sensations mainly felt on one side of head
  • Additional symptoms of nausea, dizziness, seeing flashing lights, or blind spots

Occupational Therapy’s Role

  • Exercise
  • Sleep
  • Diet
  • Eating Routines
  • Weight Loss
  • Stress and mood
  • Pacing and energy conservation
  • Cognition
  • Sensory Regulation
  • Medication Compliance

Interventions

  • CBT
  • Sleep Hygiene, CBT-I for sleep
  • Biofeedback
  • Relaxation Therapy
  • Mindfulness (MBSR)

Outcome measures

  • Pain Diary
  • Pain Scale
  • Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)
  • Quality of Life Survey
  • Headache Impact Test (HIT-6)
  • Headache Management Self-Efficacy Scale (HMSE)
  • Migraine Disability Assessment Test (MIDAS)
  • Migraine-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MSQL)
Jeff is a licensed occupational therapist and lead content creator for OT Dude. He covers all things occupational therapy as well as other topics including healthcare, wellness, mental health, technology, science, culture, sociology, philosophy, and more.