Occupational Therapy Goals for Autism ASD

Occupational therapy autism intervention goals

Cognition

  • Poor attention, highly distractible
  • Preoccupation for specific activities, repetitive actions
  • Difficulty with teamwork
  • Poor memory
  • Difficulty with complex cognitive tasks
  • Sequencing
  • Imitation
  • Generalizing concepts
  • Symbolism
  • Reading comprehension
  • Executive function
  • Language delay, verbal skills

Sensory Stimuli

  • Sensory-perceptual abilities
  • Tactile defensiveness
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Hyposensitivity
  • Postural stability without visual cues

Visual

  • Seeing images as a whole
  • Visual fascination with visual effects
  • Hypersensitivity to bright lights

Auditory

  • Decreased responsiveness to auditory stimuli, or
  • Oversensitive to auditory stimuli

Vestibular

  • Seeking or avoiding certain vestibular movements, e.g. swinging, spinning

Taste

  • Food preferences
  • Sensitivity to textures
  • Craving specific foods
  • Unusual smell preferences

Irregular sleeping pattern

  • Quality
  • Quantity
  • Disturbances

Emotion

  • Emotional regulation
  • Emotional lability
  • Emotion interpretation

Mental Health

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Loneliness

Socialization and Communication

  • Flat affect
  • Reading facial expressions
  • Reading body language
  • Interpreting voice intonation
  • Minimizing aggressive behaviors
  • Minimizing self-injurious behaviors
  • Minimizing self-stimulatory behaviors
  • Understanding dangerous situations
  • Dating and relationships
  • Public sexual behaviors

Activities

  • Feeding/eating
  • Brushing teeth
  • Grooming
  • Toileting
  • Dressing
  • Bathing

School

  • Writing/handwriting
  • Reading
  • Cutting
  • Communicating needs
  • Arts and crafts
  • School subjects
  • Interacting with peers

Work and Career

  • Preparing for a job
  • Applying for a job
  • Holding a job
  • Soft skills
  • Working with others
  • Judgment

Play

  • Playing with parents, family
  • Playing with peers

Leisure

  • Shared interests
  • Videogame addiction

Health Management

  • Medication management
  • Going to appointments

Gross and Fine Motor skills

  • Hypotonia
  • Apraxia
  • Toe-walking
  • Clumsiness
  • Poor coordination
  • Hand-eye coordination
  • Decreased speed
  • Poor posture
  • Poor balance
  • Difficulty with motor imitation
  • Abnormal gait pattern
  • Ambiguous hand preference

Other Behaviors

  • Pacing
  • Spinning
  • Running in circles
  • Hand flapping
  • Biting
  • Hitting self
  • Headbanging
  • Other self-injurious behaviors
Jeff is a licensed occupational therapist and lead content creator for OT Dude. He covers all things occupational therapy as well as other topics including healthcare, wellness, mental health, technology, science, culture, sociology, philosophy, and more.